Modify data in SDK events

The modify data rule action is supported in Mobile Core starting version 2.1.14 (Launch), 2.7.0 (iOS), and 1.5.5 (Android). This action is powerful, complex, and enables advanced use cases.

To use this action, we need to provide context about how events flow in the Adobe Experience Platform Mobile SDK and how they interact with the SDK's rules engine. Next, you will learn how to use the action with relevant examples.

Context

What are SDK events?

In the Experience Platform Mobile SDK, events hold all the data that is required by other extensions to complete the necessary actions. Events have the following properties:

Property

Description

Type

Describes the event. Examples include Analytics, Target, Lifecycle, and so on.

Source

Indicates the cause of or directionality of the event. For example, a request or a response.

Event data

Additional data is required to define the event. For example, context data on an Analytics event.

Extensions that register with Mobile Core will also register event listeners. A listener is defined by an event type and source combination. When the SDK event hub processes an event, it notifies all listeners that match the provided combination.

How are events created in the SDK?

Events are created by an extension and are dispatched to the SDK Event Hub. Each published rule that is created in Adobe Experience Platform Launch is evaluated against the current event. Finally, the event is passed to each of the listeners for events with this type /source combination.

Events are created and dispatched when an SDK public API is invoked. Attach data action use cases are meant to act on these types of events.

What is the Rules Engine?

The Rules Engine lives in the SDK Event Hub. Before listeners are notified, the Rules Engine evaluates each Experience Platform Launch rule against the triggering event. A rule is defined by the following properties:

Property

Description

Event

Trigger for the rule.

Condition

Definition of the criteria to compare against the triggering event.

Action

The resulting action if the evaluation of the rule is positive.

A rule might be read out in the following way: If SDK Event occurs and Condition(s) are met, then perform the Action(s).

Using the modify data action

Modify Data is a type of Rule Action that allows you to add, change, or remove event data to an SDK event. The modification of data happens in the Rules Engine before event listeners are notified of the event.

Modify Data Rule Actions may modify or remove data from the triggering Event.

If there is a conflict between the data that is defined in your Rule and the data in the Event, the data in the Event will be overwritten.

Defining a payload for the modify data action

When defining a payload for the modify data action, the payload must match the format of the triggering event. For example, if you want to modify context data in an Analytics event, you need to know where the context data is defined on that event and match the format in your rule. For this reason, we strongly recommended that you use the Template if available. If not, please enable verbose logging in the SDK and carefully study the format of the event to which you will modify the data. If the format does not match, most likely the expected results will not be received.

Example - Modifying data in Analytics event

The following sample shows how to modify data to all outgoing TrackAction Analytics network requests. To create this type of rule, select your property in Experience Platform Launch and complete the following steps:

Create a rule

  1. On the Rules tab, click Create New Rule.

If you do not have existing rules for this property, the Create New Rule button will be in the middle of the screen. If your property has rules, the button will be in the top right of the screen.

Select an event

  1. Give your rule an easily recognizable name in your list of rules.

    In this example, the rule is named Modify Analytics Track Action Events.

  2. Under the Events section, click Add.

  3. From the Extension drop-down list, select Mobile Core.

  4. From the Event Type drop-down list, select Track Action.

  5. Click Keep Changes.

Define the action using Template

  1. Under the Actions section, click Add.

  2. From the Extension drop-down list, select Mobile Core.

  3. From the Action Type drop-down list, select Modify Data.

  4. On the right pane, in the Context Data area, click the Add button to insert a new key-value pair. Additional key-value pairs can be added by clicking on the Add button for each key-value pair.

  5. Select the Value Type for the value as String, Number, Boolean or Null. If the value type is selected as Null, the key will be removed from the triggering analytics event.

  6. Enter the key and value that needs to be modified in the triggering analytics event.

  7. Click Keep Changes.

Define the action using Freeform JSON

  1. Under the Actions section, click Add.

  2. From the Extension drop-down list, select Mobile Core.

  3. From the Action Type drop-down list, select Modify Data.

  4. On the right pane, from the Choose a Template drop-down list, select JSON.

  5. In the JSON Payload field, type the json data that will modify this event data.

  6. Click Keep Changes.

On the right pane, you can add a payload that modifies data of an SDK event before an extension that is listening for this event can hear the event. In this example, context data of this event is modified before the Analytics extension processes it. The added context data will now be on the outgoing Analytics hit.

In the following example, launches and anAddedKey keys are modified and aRemovedKey key is removed in the contextdata of the Analytics event. Values for the new keys can either be hardcoded in the rule, or dynamically determined by the SDK when this event processes by using Data Elements.

Save the rule and rebuild your property

After you complete your configuration, verify that your rule looks like the following:

  1. Click Save

  2. Rebuild your Experience Platform Launch property and deploy it to the correct Environment.